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PIPA ASTM API 5 L GR X52
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Last Updated
15 May 2020
Country Origin
Indonesia
Minimum Order
1 Batang

Specification of

API 5L X52

Grade X52 indicates 52000 PSI minimum yield strength and 66000 PSI minimum ultimate tensile strength.

API Standard Specification for Line Pipe

The American Petroleum Institute specification API 5L addresses seamless and welded steel line pipe for pipeline transportation systems in the petroleum and natural gas industries. API 5L is suitable for conveying gas, water, and oil.

Grades covered by this specification are A25, A, B and “X” Grades X42, X46, X52, X56, X60, X65, X70, and X80. The two digit number following the “X” indicates the Minimum Yield Strength (in 000’s psi) of pipe produced to this grade.

Grade B(ASTM A53, A106, A523)(API 5LR)(API 5L PSL2)
Minimum Yield Strength:35,000 psi35,50035,000 psi
Maximum Yield Strength:None 65,000 psi
Minimum Tensile Strength:60,000 psi60,20060,000 psi
Maximum Tensile Strength:None 110,000 psi
Notes: This grade may be used for standard pipe, line pipe or conduit pipe as specified in the various ASTM and API specifications

Related Standard & Specification: API, DNV, ISO, DEP, EN, ASTM, DIN, BS, JIS, GB
Related Grade: API 5L  A-X80, GB/T9711 L190-L555, ASTM A106/A53/A179/A192/A335/A333, DIN1629/17175, JIS G3454/ 3455/3456
Available Approved Marine: ABS/BV/LR/DNV/GL/KR, EN10204 3.2 MTC
Special Service: Sweet Service, Sour Service, Anti-H2S, NACE MR0175/ISO15156
Produce Process: Cold Drawn, Hot Rolled, Hot Expanded
Available Dimension Range:
Available Length: 3-36 Meters

Production Standards & Material Qualities

API 5L L245 / Gr. B (PSL 1)
API 5L L290 / X42 (PSL 1)
API 5L L245 / Gr. B (PSL 2)
API 5L L290 / Gr. B (PSL 2)
API 5L L320 / X46 (PSL 1)
API 5L L320 / X46 (PSL 2)
API 5L L360 / X52 (PSL 1)
API 5L L360 / X52 (PSL 2)
API 5L L415 / X60 (PSL 1)
API 5L L415 / X60 (PSL 2)
API 5L L450 / X65 (PSL 1)
API 5L L450 / X65 (PSL 2)
Line Pipe
API 5L, PSL 1, PSL 2
CSA Z 245.1 
EN ISO 3183 
GOST 20295
Gr A, X70-(N, M)
Gr 241-Gr 359
L 245-L485 (N, M, NE, ME)
K34-K60
Tests & Certificates

The quality level of all Steel Line Pipe, API 5L X52 PSL2 Pipe is guaranteed by a complete internal Quality plan and certificating under ISO-9001, TUV (according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W0/TRD100), API, PED (accordance with Pressure Equipment Directive 97/23/EC), Burst test (Det Norske Veritas), and certainly Lloyds and Stoomwezen.

Line pipe – types of steel

Tubes for transportation of flammable fluids are made of the following steels, according to EN 10208-1: L210GA, L235GA, L245GA, L290GA, L360GA, according to EN 10208-2: L245NB, L290NB, L360NB, L415NB and according to API 5L: Grade A, Grade B, Grade X42, Grade X46, Grade X52, Grade X60. Additional types of steel (according to DIN 2470-1/1629 and 2470-2/17172 and UNI 7088) together with its chemicals composition and mechanical properties are shown in a separate overview.. Steel is made in the electric arc furnace and it is fully killed.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis % maximumCARBON EQUIVALENT a
% MAXIMUM
CbSiMnbPSVNbTiOtherCEIIWCEPcm
SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES
L290R OR X42R0.240.41.20.0250.0150.060.050.04e0.430.25
L290Q OR X42Q0.180.451.40.0250.0150.050.050.04e0.430.25
WELDED PIPE
L290M OR X42M0.220.451.30.0250.0150.050.050.04e0.430.25
MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
Y.ST.SELONGATION
Mpa (psi)Mpa(psi)
minminmin
290(42 100)495(71 800)f

Chemical Analysis(%) For Part Standard -PSL2

StandardClassGradeCSiMnPSVNbTi
maxmaxmaxmaxmaxmaxmaxmax
APL 5L
ISO 3181
PSL2L245R or BR0.240.401.200.0250.015dd0.04
L290R or X42R0.240.401.200.0250.0150.060.050.04
L245N or BN0.240.401.200.0250.015dd0.04
L290N or X42N0.240.401.200.0250.0150.060.050.04
L320N or X46N0.240.401.400.0250.0150.070.050.04
L360N or X52N0.240.451.400.0250.0150.100.050.04
L390N or X56N0.240.451.400.0250.0150.100.050.04
L415N or X60N0.240.451.400.0250.0150.100.050.04
L245Q or BQ0.180.451.400.0250.0150.050.050.04
L290Q or X42Q0.180.451.400.0250.0150.050.050.04
L320Q or X46Q0.180.451.400.0250.0150.050.050.04
L360Q or X52Q0.180.451.500.0250.0150.050.050.04
L390Q or X56Q0.180.451.500.0250.0150.070.050.04
L415Q or X60Q0.180.451.700.0250.015ccc
L450Q or X65Q0.180.451.700.0250.015ccc
L485Q or X70Q0.180.451.800.0250.015ccc
L555Q or X80Q0.180.451.900.0250.015ccc
L625Q or X90Q0.160.451.900.0200.010ccc
L690Q or X100Q0.160.451.900.0200.010ccc
L245M or BM0.220.451.200.0250.0150.050.050.04
L290M or X42M0.220.451.300.0250.0150.050.050.04
L320M or X46M0.220.451.300.0250.0150.050.050.04
L360M or X52M0.220.451.400.0250.015bbb
L390M or X56M0.220.451.400.0250.015bbb
L415M or X60M0.120.451.600.0250.015ccc
L450M or X65M0.120.451.600.0250.015ccc
L485M or X70M0.120.451.700.0250.015ccc
L555M or X80M0.120.451.850.0250.015ccc
L625M or X90M0.100.552.100.0200.010ccc
L690M or X100M0.100.552.100.0200.010ccc

Mechanical Properties

StandardClassGradeYield Strength
MPa
Yield Strength
MPa
Y.S/T.S
minmaxminmaxmax
API 5L 
ISO3183
PSL2L245R or BR
L245N or BN
L245Q or BQ
L245M or BM
2454504156550.93
L290R or X42R
L290N or X42N
L290Q or X42Q
L290M or X42M
2904954156550.93
L320N or X46N
L320Q or X46Q
L320M or X46M
3205254356550.93
L360N or X52N
L360Q or X52Q
L360M or X52M
3605304607600.93
L390N or X56N
L390Q or X56Q
L390M or X56M
3905454907600.93
L415N or X60N
L415Q or X60Q
L415M or X60M
4155655207600.93
L450Q or X65Q
L450M or X65M
4506005357600.93
L485Q or X70Q
L485M or X70M
4856355707600.93
L555Q or X80Q
L555M or X80M
5557056258250.93
L625M or X90M
L625Q or X90Q
6257756959150.95
L690M or X100M
L690Q or X100Q
6908407609900.97

Minimum Impact Energy

StandardSpecified Outside DiameterGradeCharp Imapct Test 0℃
Impact of Pipe BodyImpact of Weld
API 5L 
ISO3183
D≤762mm≤L485 or X702727
L555 or X804027
762mm< td="" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><>≤L555 or X804027
1219mm< td="" style="box-sizing: border-box;"><>≤L415 or X604027
>L415 or X60
≤L555 or X80
5427
>1422mm≤L415 or X604040
>L415 or X60
≤L555 or X80
5440

API 5L X52 PSL2 Pipe features:

  • The American Petroleum Institute specification API 5L covers seamless and welded steel line pipe.
  • API 5L, 45th Edition / ISO 3183
  • This is steel pipe for pipeline transportation systems in the petroleum and natural gas industries
  • API 5L X52 PSL2 Pipe is suitable for conveying gas, water, and oil.
  • API 5L X52 PSL2 Pipe, high yield seamless pipes, modified to suit offshore structural purposes.
  • Suitable for weldable structural steels for fixed offshore structures
  • Ashtapad’s seamless and extra long ERW API 5L Line Pipe for dependable transmission of oil and gas to any type of collection and distribution point.
  • As only the edges are heated, the tube possesses dean accurate surface.
  • Safety is better than smls pipe.
  • The cost is cheaper than smls pipe and LSAW pipe.
  • Manufacturing speed is quicker than seamless pipe or sub merged welded pipes.

API 5L X52 PSL2 Pipe – delivery condition and surface

Usually API 5L X52 PSL2 Pipe are supplied as hot rolled. Only tubes with DN 6 -10, perhaps tubes of other dimensions are supplied as cold drawn and after forming they are heat treated. This is done as per precious agreement. The tube surface meets corresponds to the means of manufacturing.

API 5L X52 PSL2 Pipe – straightness

Tubes are visually straight.

Ends of the API 5L X52 PSL2 Pipe

Ends of tubes are smooth, without threads.
From 60.3 diameter beveled according to standards:
DIN, EN – a = 40° – 60°, c = to 2 mm
ASME – a = 75° ± 5°, c = 1,6 ± 0,8 mm

Marking of API 5L X52 PSL2 Pipe and tube bundles

Tubes with diameter up to 1 ½” are marked with label on the bundle. Tubes with larger diameter than 1 ½” are implemented according to directives or upon request.

API 5L X52 PSL2 Pipe – surface protection

Line pipes are supplied without temporary protection against corrosion. Upon request it is possible to deliver tubes with agreed upon anticorrosion protection. The tube ends may be enclosed by a plastic plug.

API X Grades – some of the sturdiest pipes and tubing available designed for extreme environments or exceedingly high pressure environments

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis % maximumCARBON EQUIVALENT a
% MAXIMUM
CbSiMnbPSVNbTiOtherCEIIWCEPcm
SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES
L485Q or X70Q0.18f0.45f1.8f0.0250.015gggh0.430.25
WELDED PIPE
L485M OR X70M0.12f0.45f1.7f0.0250.015gggh0.43f0.25

 

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
Y.ST.SELONGATION
Mpa(psi)Mpa(psi)
minminmin
485(70 300)635(92 100)f

 

IMPACT TEST
AVG. ABSORBED ENERGYIND. ABSORBED ENERGY
Min.(joules)Min.(joules)
2720

 

  • Unless otherwise agreed, the sum of th niobium & vanadum concentrations shall be = 0.06%

  • Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.30% maximum for nickel, 0.30% maximum for chromium, & 0.15% maximum for molybdenum.

  • The sum of th niobium & vanadum & titanium concentrations shall be =0.15%

  • Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.30% maximum for nickel, 0.30% maximum for chromium, & 0.15% maximum for molybdenum.

  • Unless otherwise agreed g unless otheriwse agreed the sum of th niobium & vanadum & titanium concentrations shall be =0.15%

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